Craniosacral therapy as a relaxation method for hyperreactivity in a child with sensory integration disorder – a case report
Division of Principles of Physiotherapy, Department of Physiotherapy, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland. Acting as the Head of the Division of Principles of Physiotherapy: Agnieszka Radzimińska, MD, PhD, Head of the Department of Physiotherapy: Professor Aleksander Goch, MD, PhD
Correspondence: Katarzyna Strojek, MD, PhD, ks. J. Popiełuszki 7/14, 85-863 Bydgoszcz, Poland, tel.: +48 668 124 555, e-mail: katarzyna.strojek@gmail.com
Pediatr Med Rodz 2017, 13 (2), p. 271–278
DOI: 10.15557/PiMR.2017.0030
ABSTRACT

Impaired sensory processing, the so-called sensory integration disorder, occurs when the brain is unable to correctly process the stimuli coming from the internal and the external environment. Proper sensory integration allows the child for normal everyday functioning (learning, playing, resting), whereas children with impaired sensory integration often lack the psycho-affective balance. They suffer from psychosomatic disorders, which may be caused by e.g. stress due to peer competition at school. Children affected by this disorder need relaxation to regain the balance necessary for proper physical and mental development. The aim of the study is to assess the therapeutic outcomes in a 7-year-old girl diagnosed with vestibular, tactile and proprioceptive deficits. Craniosacral therapy and somatosensory integration method were used. Relaxation therapy had beneficial effects on child’s development, behaviour and the manner of communication with the environment. The hyperesthesia sites, which were present before the therapy, resolved. Previously reported self-aggressive behaviours are no longer observed. Furthermore, the child’s independence, which is crucial for the psychosocial development, also increased during the therapy.

Keywords: somatosensory integration disorder, craniosacral therapy, child physiotherapy