Dietary patterns among girls aged 16–18 years old according to their body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio
1 Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Chair of Natural Sciences, Biała Podlaska, Poland
2 Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education in Biala Podlaska, Biała Podlaska, Poland
3 Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Tourism and Health Studies in Biała Podlaska, Chair of Health Sciences, Biała Podlaska, Poland
Correspondence: Agnieszka Dmitruk, PhD, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska, Akademicka 2, 21-500 Biała Podlaska, Poland, tel.: +48 83 342 87 38, e-mail: agnieszka.dmitruk@awf-bp.edu.pl
Pediatr Med Rodz 2018, 14 (1), p. 78–87
DOI: 10.15557/PiMR.2018.0008
ABSTRACT

Aim: The study has been aimed at evaluating dietary patterns of girls aged 16–18 years old in groups identified according to measures such as their body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. Material and methods: The study covered a total of 151 girls aged 16–18 years old from selected higher secondary schools in Biała Podlaska, Poland. Based on height, weight, waist and hip circumference measurements, body mass index was calculated for each of the participants of the study, allowing to identify two groups: group 1 with normal index and group 2 with overweight or obesity. Also, to determine the type of obesity in the overweight and obese respondents, their waist-to-hip ratio was calculated, identifying the subgroup of girls with abdominal obesity. The respondents’ dietary patterns were identified with the use of a diagnostic survey. The statistical significance of the differences between the participants with normal body mass index and the overweight and obese respondents (including those with abdominal obesity) was tested with the chi-square test. Results: Numerous nutritional mistakes/unhealthy dietary patterns were identified in the studied group, largely involving the overweight and obese girls, including those with abdominal obesity. The respondents whose body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio were too high ate fewer meals per day, skipped breakfast more frequently, had their last meal of the day later than 8 p.m., reported less frequent fish and wholemeal bread intake, as opposed to more frequent fast food, sweets and sweetened beverages intake. Conclusion: The unhealthy dietary patterns found in the population of girls with high body mass index and abdominal obesity highlight the need for education in the scope of healthy nutrition aimed both at overweight/obese individuals and their families.

Keywords: dietary patterns, BMI, WHR, girls