Early diagnosis of congenital vascular malformation as a condition to rapid prevention of complications – case study
1 Student Study Group at the Department of Imaging Diagnostics, II Medical Division, Medical University of Warsaw, Mazovian Brodno Hospital, Warsaw, Poland
2 Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Mazovian Brodno Hospital, Warsaw, Poland
Correspondence: Paweł Wareluk, MD, PhD, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Mazovian Brodno Hospital, Kondratowicza 8, 03-242 Warsaw, Poland, tel.: +48 22 326 58 10, fax: +48 22 326 59 91, e-mail: zdo@wum.edu.pl
Pediatr Med Rodz 2017, 13 (2), p. 260–266
DOI: 10.15557/PiMR.2017.0028

Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome is a rare congenital condition characterised by a triad of symptoms: capillary-lymphatic-venous malformations, varicose veins and venous malformations as well as soft tissue and skeletal hypertrophy of the affected limb. In this article, we present a case of a 5-year-old boy with extensive vascular malformations of the lower limbs and the buttock region. In this case, manifestation of all three symptoms was gradual. At the age of 4 years, the patient was admitted to the Department of Imaging Diagnostics for further diagnosis, where the triad characteristic for Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome and popliteal vein agenesis were diagnosed. Currently, a multidisciplinary team takes care of the boy in the Children’s Memorial Health Institute. Early and accurate diagnosis allows for rapid prevention of complications associated with Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome and enables patient-tailored treatment.

Keywords: Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome, popliteal vein agenesis, vascular malformation